were invented around 600 B.C. The foremost and most popular denomination
of Roman coins was the silver denarius, first issued in the late
third century B.C. and removed from circulation in the A.D. 200's.
The earliest denarius weighed 4.5 grams of high-grade silver, showing
the head of Roma and the numeral X. Denarii, together with other
silver, bronze and occasional gold pieces, were made at many mints.
Apart from Rome, there were two mints in Sicily,
one in Sardinia, one in southeast Italy and probably others that
have not yet been identified.
Denarius coins are surviving witnesses to an Empire
that stretched across most of Europe, Asia Minor and Northern Africa.
Before Great Britain's currency shifted to the decimal system in
1971, the British penny was abbreviated as "d", for denarius.
The denarius is also the penny referred to in the New Testament.
Coin minting techniques involved using a heavy
hammer to strike coin blanks between two dies. Like squeezing clay
between your fingers, the pressure often caused the blank to elongate
or even split at the edges, therefore making it impossible to produce
a perfect spherical shape.
Web sites to visit for additional information
on the historical Denarius coin:
The Collaborative Numismatics Project
All rights reserved to Denarius Financial Group.